Regionalism word comes first

  • Date of Publication : 1/02/2018 at 23:27 GMT
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The world we live in today has, in proportion to the world, fluttered from fifty to sixty years ago; the concept of unilateralism and absolute power, the color of the lost, and the extent of its decline are diminishing. Now, the concept of multipolarization of the world is at the top of the agenda, and regionalism is the first word. In contrast to the strength of the hegemon, they have, in place of one, exposed several challenging powers, that have the power to put up with the power of hegemony in the face of the overwhelming power of hegemony. Any government that wants to achieve relative stability and security must, in its first step, seek to engage the challenging powers and, subsequently, seek to reintegrate into regional organizations that are created to ensure stability and unity among the countries of the region.

Given the direct dependence of security on the multiplicity of actors and regional organizations, one cannot ignore the importance of these actors, one of which is the “Shanghai Cooperation Organization” or “SCO”, which since its inception in 2001 has been credible and its importance has being on the rise. The two triangles that the Shanghai Cooperation Organization was founded on is the main factor behind its growing power. The first triangle refers to the “goals” and the second triangle to the “strong members” of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. The first triangle includes “extremism”, “terrorism” and “narcotics”; the three parameters that Afghanistan also suffers from. The second triangle also includes China, Russia and India, aiming at creating a sense of economic-security integration among the countries of the region.

Terrorism, which is rooted directly in radicalism, it is a horse, which is aimed at devastating human values. This phenomenon is today among the different ethnic groups and factions in the region of South Asia and the Middle East. To support this claim, we can make reference to the Uyghurs in China, the Hizb-i-Islami and Jabhat al-Nusra in Uzbekistan and the roots of al-Qaeda in Pakistan.

Waltz acknowledges, in terms of the balance of threats, that “under the conditions of escaping power (which can be interpreted in the current era of anarchic rule in the world), governments create alliances to maintain and sustain their survival.” One of Waltz’s factors in creating alliances is the threats that governments feel. Taking into account the growing challenges of “empowering and expanding the Taliban’s geography,” “the capture of ISIS in Afghanistan,” “economic fragility and the decline of the Afghan currency,” the “migration crisis and the exodus of the young force,” and “the proliferation of drug trafficking “And by accepting that Afghanistan itself cannot form an effective alliance, these opportunities should be addressed and used to address current challenges and reduce the fever that affects its political-security situation.

Meanwhile, the role of the three powerful countries – China, Russia and India, which are permanent members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, is prominent. China’s view of Afghanistan as a traditional power of today’s region has surpassed the economic and transit dimensions and has taken on political-security aspects. China has sought to help Pakistan regain its strategic ties after the defeat of ISIL in Syria and Iraq, and after speculation that some of the Uyghurs have joined ISIL (Daish). Pakistan has shown that if it is determined, it will have a long way in developing and managing these groups. China, on the other hand, sees the Taliban as an internal opposition in Afghanistan, not an international terrorist network. So, China is currently considering Afghanistan as an island as a Uyghur burial ground that has been swept over and under the support of extremist in Pakistan which currently can cause instability, destruction of economic capacities and widespread insecurity in the country. On the other hand, the problem of Taiwan and India has added strategic value to Pakistan. China, with its largest strategic savings

and the highest level of economic liquidity, can play a key role in managing the production of narcotics and boosting the economy of Afghanistan. However, the ultimate goal of China is to establish a Shanghai Cooperation Organization, to balance the United States and its anti-China goals with the help of the countries in the region.

Russia, which is a legacy of the Soviet Union, has reached its peak today, claiming dominant power in the region and the world. The country does not want to lose its position. Russia tends to use existing potentials and continues to be present at least as the leader of the challenging powers of the United States. Russia has always sought to influence its region. Putin, therefore, stood up in opposition to NATO with his policy of resistance to US imperialism in the first term of his presidency, following the Primakov doctrine, and, in contrast to NATO, made the greatest effort in organizing and organizing the Shanghai organization. This is important after the permanent membership of India in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

Afghanistan’s main challenge in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is Pakistan’s former coma. Pakistan, with the exception of China, has no supporters. Because Russia views Pakistan as a country that played a key role in defeating the Soviet Union and, subsequently, in contributing to the implementation of the US expansion strategy after 1990 near the traditional-ideological frontiers of Russia, which led to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the dominance of the United States in the region. Tajikistan and Uzbekistan as founding members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) are criticizing Pakistan’s cooperation with the Taliban because of the threat they are facing at the southern part of their borders by terrorist groups. The story of India and Pakistan is yet another story that has become history.

Afghanistan, as part of a major controversy in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, should take into account China’s undeniable power and its rise to America’s “biggest concern,” the role of Pakistan and its multifaceted interference in Afghanistan. Afghanistan’s affairs, using equilibrium logic, convinces each of its member states to work together to curb extremism, build infrastructure, create jobs and model security, counter-narcotics and terrorism models.

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